Author: Will Hughes
Among the more than 100 patents he obtained while working for RCA, Rajchman developed the electron multiplier calculating device; the read-only memory computer system; the magnetic information-handling system (core memory); and the electronic microcopy apparatus. Your computer would not be the same without Rajchman’s innovations.
The first FM backpack radio was developed at the Signal Corps Labs at Fort Monmouth in 1941, providing troops with reliable, static-free communication. FM radio relay, born from radar research, was also developed at Fort Monmouth. Military experts number these two inventions among the top five systems that made the Allies victorious in World War II.
Leo H. Sternbach of Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. in Nutley is known as the father of Valium—a synthesis of the vitamin biotin and the compound 1,4 benzodiazepine. Valium was the bestselling drug in America from 1969 to 1982. Sternbach died in 2005, at age 97, with more than 230 patents to his credit.
The Hoboken resident pioneered the use of steam for transportation. He initiated the first regular ferry service from New Jersey to New York, designed and built the first American steam locomotive, and developed the first seagoing steamship. He proposed a vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River and an elevated railroad in New York City.
Atlantic City native Norman Joseph Woodland was inspired in 1948 to create a two-dimensional Morse code to convey product information in grocery stores. He and fellow Drexel University graduate student Bernard Silver patented the idea, which became feasible in the 1970s.
Seen in: Jersey Living